Care Guide

How To Clean A Rug At Home?

How To Clean A Rug At Home?

Rugs add warmth and style to our homes but endure a fair share of foot traffic, spills, and dirt. Regular cleaning is crucial to maintaining their beauty and longevity. While professional cleaning services are an option, learning to clean a rug at home can save you time and money. In this comprehensive guide, we'll take you through the steps to deep clean various rugs and share tips for specific rug locations.

Deep Clean Rug - 9 Steps

  1. Preparation: Remove loose dirt and debris by vacuuming the rug thoroughly before cleaning. This will prevent these particles from settling more deeply into the fibres during cleaning.
  2. Spot Test: Always perform a spot test on a small, inconspicuous rug area before using any cleaning solution. This ensures the cleaner won't cause discolouration or damage to the rug.
  3. Choose the Right Cleaning Solution: The type of rug material determines the cleaning solution you should use. A mild detergent solution usually works for synthetic rugs, while natural fibres like wool or cotton may require a gentler approach. Check the rug's care tag for manufacturer recommendations.
  4. Handwashing or Machine Cleaning: Depending on the rug's size and material, you can choose between handwashing and machine cleaning. Handwashing allows for better control, especially with delicate rugs, while machine cleaning is more efficient for more prominent, sturdier rugs.
  5. Scrubbing and Brushing: Use a soft brush or sponge to scrub the rug gently, paying extra attention to high-traffic areas and stains. Avoid using harsh brushes that could damage the rug fibres.
  6. Rinse Thoroughly: Whether handwashing or using a machine, rinse the rug thoroughly to remove any soap residue. Residual soap can attract more dirt, defeating the purpose of cleaning.
  7. Dry Properly: Proper drying is crucial to prevent mould growth and maintain the rug's shape. Lay the rug flat to air dry or hang it over a sturdy clothesline. Avoid direct sunlight for extended periods, which may cause colours to fade.
  8. Fluff and Brush: Once the rug is completely dry, fluff the fibres with a soft brush to restore its original texture. This step is vital for shaggy and high-pile rugs.
  9. Protect and Maintain: Consider applying a fabric protector to your rug after cleaning to repel stains and make future cleanings easier. Regular vacuuming and spot cleaning can help maintain the rug's cleanliness.

How to Clean a Shaggy Rug?

Shaggy rugs, with their long, luxurious fibres, require special care to maintain their plush appearance. Follow these steps:

  1. Vacuum with Care: Use a vacuum cleaner with a brush attachment to gently clean shaggy rugs. Be careful not to snag the fibres, as this could damage the rug.
  2. Spot Cleaning: For spills or stains, blot the area with a clean cloth to absorb as much liquid as possible. Then, use mild detergent and water to clean the affected area.
  3. Regular Fluffing: Shaggy rugs can flatten over time. Regularly fluff the fibres with your fingers or a wide-toothed comb to maintain theirness and volume.

How to Clean a Wool Rug?

Wool rugs are known for their durability and natural stain resistance. Here's how to keep them clean:

  1. Gentle Vacuuming: Use a vacuum cleaner with a suction-only setting to prevent pulling or damaging the wool fibres. Regular vacuuming helps remove dirt and prevents it from settling into the rug.
  2. Blot Stains Immediately: Wool naturally repels liquids, but if a spill occurs, blot it immediately with a clean, dry cloth. Avoid rubbing, as this can push the stain deeper into the fibres.
  3. Mild Soap Solution: Mix a small amount of mild detergent with water and use a soft brush or sponge to clean the rug. Rinse thoroughly and ensure it's scorched before placing it back on the floor.

How to Clean a Cotton Rug?

Cotton rugs are versatile and easy to clean. Follow these steps for optimal results:

  1. Regular Shake or Vacuum: Shake out or vacuum your cotton rug regularly to remove loose dirt and debris. Cotton rugs can often withstand machine washing, but check the care tag for specific instructions.
  2. Machine Wash (if applicable): If the care instructions permit, wash the cotton rug gently with a mild detergent. Ensure it's thoroughly dried before putting it back in place.
  3. Spot Cleaning: For localised stains, create a mixture of water and vinegar. Dab the stain with the solution using a clean cloth. Rinse the area with water and blot dry.

How to Clean a Jute Rug?

Jute rugs are natural and eco-friendly but require a delicate touch during cleaning:

  1. Vacuum Regularly: Jute rugs benefit from regular vacuuming to prevent dirt from settling into the fibres. Use a vacuum cleaner with a brush attachment.
  2. Dry Cleaning Method: Due to jute's sensitivity to moisture, dry cleaning is recommended. Sprinkle a small amount of baking soda on the rug, let it sit for a few hours, and then vacuum it up.
  3. Spot Clean Gently: Use mild detergent and water for stains, gently dab the stained area with a clean cloth. Avoid aggressive scrubbing to prevent damage.

How to Clean Synthetic Rugs?

Synthetic rugs, often made from materials like nylon or polyester, are durable and resistant to stains. Follow these steps for effective cleaning:

  1. Vacuum Regularly: Use a vacuum cleaner with a brush attachment to remove dirt and debris. Synthetic rugs can handle regular vacuuming without damage.
  2. Spot Cleaning: For spills or stains, use mild detergent and water. Gently blot the stained area with a clean cloth, working from the outer edges toward the centre.
  3. Machine Cleaning: A washing machine can safely clean most synthetic rugs. Follow the care instructions on the rug's tag for the best results.

How to Clean an Outdoor Rug?

Outdoor rugs are exposed to the elements, making regular cleaning essential. Here's how to keep them looking fresh:

  1. Shake or Vacuum: Remove loose dirt and debris by shaking the rug or using a vacuum cleaner. If the rug is small enough, hang it over a railing and beat it with a broom.
  2. Hose Down: For a thorough cleaning, take the outdoor rug outdoors and hose it down. Scrub it with a brush or broom to remove stubborn dirt.
  3. Sun-Dry: Allow the outdoor rug to air dry in the sun. This helps prevent mould and mildew growth. Ensure the carpet is completely dry before placing it back on your patio or deck.

Tips for Specific Rug Locations

Living Room Rugs

Living room rugs often endure high foot traffic and spills. Consider using a rug pad to prevent slipping and add an extra layer of protection. Rotate the rug periodically to ensure even wear. For deep cleaning, focus on areas around sofas and coffee tables where dirt accumulates the most.

Bedroom Rugs

Bedrooms are generally low-traffic, but rugs can still accumulate dust and allergens. Vacuum the rug regularly, paying attention to corners and under furniture. If your bedroom rug is small enough, take it outside for a good shake to remove embedded dirt. Consider using a carpet freshener to maintain a pleasant scent in the room.

Kitchen and Dining Area Rugs

Kitchens and dining areas are prone to food spills and stains. Choose a rug that is easy to clean, and opt for machine-washable ones if possible. Spot clean spills immediately with a mixture of mild detergent and water. For more oversized rugs, take them outside for a good shake or a gentle hose down.


A well-maintained rug enhances your home's aesthetics and creates a healthier living environment. Regular cleaning and proper care can extend the life of your rug, preserving its beauty and functionality. Whether you have a shaggy rug in the living room, a wool rug in the bedroom, or a synthetic outdoor rug on the patio, the key is to tailor your cleaning approach to the specific material and location.

By following the comprehensive steps outlined in this guide, you can confidently tackle cleaning your rugs at home, saving both time and money. Remember to be mindful of the specific needs of each type of rug material and take the necessary precautions to avoid damage during the cleaning process.


Can I Use Regular Carpet Cleaner On Rugs?

While some carpet cleaners may work on rugs, it's essential to check the manufacturer's recommendations and perform a spot test before applying any cleaning solution. Different rug materials may react differently to certain cleaners, so always err on caution.

How Often Should I Deep Clean My Rug?

The frequency of deep cleaning depends on factors such as foot traffic, location, and the type of rug. Generally, a deep clean every 12 to 18 months is sufficient for most rugs. However, high-traffic areas may require more frequent cleaning. Regular vacuuming and spot cleaning should be done as needed.

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